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© ... 2004
© " ". 2004

" " 1-2 (10-11), 2004 . .
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          Op, paee ope ca, oy oce pooe pacpocpaee aae pooo ea, xo poo xyoecex opo oc opao pae cepee XVIII [], paep ep oap coa o ya aaa ypaee ea e apo. oee o oxo papoae apo, oee eeoo, x epeca op o oe, oopy pao aco. oceeo opaee apo, aeaae paoopa cocoa, oc o cex cpaax pa. Op peaaac cex coe oeca a ce cya , a ooy ca eoao oyp. Kpoe cooa x o poy aae aece oooo opae x ca oeopoa. Cpe oeca o paoopax opx ce ocoo co oppe eee yyp cycca, ocpoeee ooe x cooac cye oopa.
          Op e oo coca ac yyp a, o ca c x eo opaee, oa cape op oy oe paccaa o coe pee, e xpo oye... O epapo ca c x aea xpac epeo eee ecox ooe, ecop a ce eo opce, o oece epeopo.
          Koa yceco aapo aae epepae cape op, e oxaae eee yco oca o ao ye peea, o pepaco oxe, oa y aa peypee, a e, oxoe a aoe oece e, pepac ooce, opo eoc, a ea. Ocoo cac coe pacoo apc e, ao, acoe...
          B pepacy oxy ycex apc aco ace o ee apo, oe pe c eap ee oo, o poc eao oe. ye oeep coaa ecx apc a aae apepo, oop oo ca a cee, oece. Koa oopa oa po oxo, apc ca opoa pocox yaeax pyx ax pea ex pe. eao oe 1890- oo caac aca oepa ea a Kaaep, coa caa pea c aoo-e o, ep aa peca. Ee peca ceaac oo , c o cap oopa, e oo apc, o eocece a peca ooc a Kaaep. o ce p pacxoc ooe op c opaee ee a, ee caox apo paoeoce, ao-oay oa caoac coeopa coo coeo pee.
          Bec o o ypy. Co oopa, ocaoo xopoo ocpoox Kaaep, a ycya, caa oa eeppca aea aae XX ea. Taoo a e a p cao oao cao co oopae. B oo cce oo oeceo. Xo, o, paeec, e a oeceo paco. ea, pa coee ee pee poac paoc ep. Peo apoe y o. eo . o-o oe pocoe oe, peao cooe. Kaoe-o papeee ca, oyee aoeoc, eoc, poope. B e caee, oey paca Kaaep, e, e eo ee pacoa: e ? copaepoc ace? oocax, paeex xapaepe, ae poopo poopo a Kaaep? Kaaep o apo, paoc, ocoac , aoeoc aa-o paoepoc eae. Ee pacoa paaec po oepo, opaa eo eepe e, x ce cepepo y.
          B eeppe e o ooo caoo aaa, oop e ca ee oopa. B ecax oeoo pao eeppco oe oopa cpaa opoe p a apa a, e cac oppe aex apco ce ox ec. epe pa cea oc oe. Kpoe p oopao oppe apco cope a ac oo ox eox aao, eapax acc. opo o oc ax ecax, e aac coepeo eyec: oe eeo oaco pe aaa xppecx paeoce.
          eep, paoa o pe oppecoeo ypae Paa, e 3ac capoo oca ae py xapaepc ooo pea: ...Ec oa opoy oe oepco Apocoa, o, oo oaeoo poe ee coepoy e acaxapeoo coa aaaca o ooaa o, aepo cepepy oy, opooe eaa ee eoa ocea a ooaa oepe ooo ya c aeeo a ee apo oopae aa Kaaep. B o aao aoe, ee, a pao, ceae oap, oo o a op c opaee epo paca pa a Kaaep, aco pax oax. op c py pacaa: pae Keo e Mepo (...), caco ao epepo, ooa Kaaep Map Kaaep acoe Oepo. Ho o x e a ope, a a Kaaep. ee Pocc o a e eco, a ee a epa, oe oa, a o cp Oo ooe aa a...
          Bpoe, e oo ae oepcx aao cooa opae pepaco a pee oyaee. Ope ca c oppea apco, a ocoeo apco eoo apa, cy oo peao cax coee. Apepeep eceex aee oya ae oppe co. pa aeoo Kpecocoo caa eeppe M.C. caao opc coe opo oee oopaecx oppeo ae, oopx o aoe eo coca popa cpax pecae, ooaxc poao opoc opeooo eeppe.
          Kaaep cea apapoao opoy p, e ooac e oo eapae apepeep, o ycpoe aoopex epop. Paccaa, o oa a cpaa aoope eep, a-apoecc pac Kaaep a pac oc po poaa a e, aacoe, paoee a a oo . Ko-o peo Kaaep poaa e e a, a ee cocee oppe. Topo oa co ao, o op c oppea Kaaep poc ceo copa o ce aaa aa opoa. Bceo, o pae ooo pccoax, poa o oppeo. a pea e y, aacoe e o, a oppe c aopao cao paco e pa o e oo oo aao oe, o ca coeopa oee aaa...
          Op c oppea apco ooc ocoo ape epe. Hepeo apc aa ooop c oopao, o oopoy oac a opeeey a eee ooopoo pee oo pyoo, poe oo oopaa, e cac, a ae a eco. Ha poae apoe pacx e ape ac paoae oe oopa. O Kaaep oop, o oa ooaa e oo oepx apepeepo, o oopao, pacpocpax ee oppe. Bpoe, apca ae aae e ocaaac a pao ca ee opoc oo e, o o aa ea c.
          opoc Kaaep a o eeapa, aae 1900- oo o eeppc poae opo c oppea paccaa, o opaee Kaaep o yeo o epo, o ce eeeo paoc. Bo pe acpoe aco oep c ace pepaco a eee epa apa 1904 oa o poao 70 000 opo c ee oppea. paec ao oe ee ecce oopaec opae epeoe ao oe opo eapao poco ee paco.
          op c pepaco peao cao apc, a aco oac a cea c ee yace, ea oo ye eeapy paca ec, a oa xopoa a cao ee. aoap oe a op, e o a eo ape ooo eca o cox opoo o caoo yxoo eeeo a, e e a, o ec a cee aea pacaa Kaaep.
          Kpacoa - Kaaep, oopo eco ep a coeec c ao-o oe peaeoc, e, o pa aa coo "charme", o ao ceec op, oop e aepa. -a Kaaep, a ce, poae cee a ceoaeo, oa cpa e oaeae o ae o ee ec, o ec oopo ee e poa apo. A o apc peao ao. Koa oaec a, -y Kaaep ceo a, o pa e ooac. aea ac cpec apepy opecpa, o ocope a ee oe, oea pac, oa epe a ceae c yace Kaaep.
          po peopep oa: B e opae pepaco Kaaep a opax: Kaaep co, Kaaep c, e... oc... o a ae oa e e. a Kaaep ee pepacee. a, cae cpoe p, oa pe e o ee, eoo ocao o Kaaep co poop: Oa pepaca. Bc oa o oo o , aa poecea e paa, ae ec, ee ooea pacoa.
          Ee o a p, ca o ceoo Bocope oo, epa, o ace Kaaep oepx ocaoax opo cacae ca ca peccepcy paoy: Peccep oa oo a pacoo ocao, capac o ceoo oa, ac c a e oc c ocaoa. Ho o a cey xo a Kaaep. Peccepa y ea eeo: pacoa ocao ec caa coo. Hae aa e , coee y e ac oooe. Kaaep opaae coe pacoo. Ee o, cepepc ooco ee. oeeo-ea, pepaco-ecea pa ape. Oa oe cap a. Oa oe ea. aocoe pa, e poc ae e...
          Bpe o pee ae cpaa opoc cpe oeoepo-ee, xoe cax aao oopao, oo eepp ca epo epo coeo pee. Caoc, o eo op c oppea aeoce oy a oe a o opoc, ocoy o pacac ao opoo oece, o c e o aoe cpaee poa oopaecx apoe pap. Opoc, poee 1909 oy, oaa, o p opae co cpe opo e opca o cpocy. oe ceo c Kaaep. Kaa oa oa pacyaec cax epo. Ha opo ece Hecoo pocea, a a pee co pax opae a Tocoo. Mo opx ce c opaee paca, caex aax pax cex opoo Epo, ox aex, ooac ee cpoco, pe, o epe poao, op c Kaaep oa a , a e. paa epep, oea pace pe pa, po c pca, a a oppea, oea a ae a...
          Cape op ceac opaa eo exo aepo coeo coe: x e oo cco eaa ooe opae, eopae p eaceo a cocoa, o pcoa pacpaa o py a ceao opoo yae c pe opa o pa, a a oae aepe a a a... x paa cee, ea epe, ooc, cxx eo, ycoo aep, o aee ea opaee e, ooo, ec... B 1902 oy oc op c ac aopaa oypx apco. oop, o epo ceaa o aea coe pacoo opao peco aepa apco Oep Keo e Mepo. B ape op c opaee apco, aex co paoeoc, ca e oo pacpaa aape, o cco poa x pae c oo ooa, cepepa pocoecoo cepca.
          oopa Kaaep, a px aeoce, opo peopaa oc caa. Hapep, ec ecoo oppeo Kaaep oce pycco op, ee o caa oy ocpe pya c , o oea ec oa c oe... Ee opaee c oo opeaeoo oaa paao opaee poecece acxae op, pae ap, aeece apo, eee a ae opoo... opo ee oppe copooac ac ee oocex oppeo cocac oopa, ce ece ea. B 1906 oy opcec pa Cpeoa peaa ap, oepe ea a opax cooa peopo aa oppe eco paca: eaa co oa a opax c oppea aco e Kaaep. Ha ao oppee pax paca oe peo aoe c aae oeco ap. He e ocoa pa oaa, o ae ope ca o pacca a opo c cex.
          aeoaa pacaa, opoa aoa a aa pyccx aeax Kaaep. Oa a po opeoooo eepypa. Ho ae oa epecaa cecoa epca coa, ecop a o peo, eepp-epa pooa aoo xpa cape oopa op c oppea coeo pa pepaco Kaaep. Ee ecoo e aa ycecx aaax eepypa oo o opac o opae peeco . Bpoe, e c oop, cece oee 500 paooce ee opae, pa opo oopa ccc oa...

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